Photo - An American Relief Administration transport column on the frozen Volga in Tsaritsyn, which is now Volgograd.
The world barely remembers the terrible famine in the Soviet Russia – or the American charity that relieved it. Historian Bertrand Patenaude tells how Herbert Hoover saved more lives than any person who has ever lived.
Corn grits, cocoa, condensed milk, white bread and sugar.
This was America's menu for the starving millions in Soviet Russia during the 1921-23 famine – one of the greatest human disasters in Europe since the Black Death. The famine relief was spearheaded by Herbert Hoover, whose biographers credited him with saving more lives than any person who has ever lived.
The film is based on Stanford researcher Bertrand Patenaude's The Big Show in Bololand: The American Relief Expedition to Soviet Russia in the Famine of 1921.
Photo Above - Shelters for orphaned and abandoned children multiplied across the famine zone during the fall and winter of 1921.
Photo Right - An ARA supply caravan on the frozen Volga River in the winter of 1922. All Photos from the Hoover Institute Archives